What is Self-Confidence?

Two main things contribute to self-confidence: self-efficacy and self-esteem.

We gain a sense of self-efficacy when we see ourselves (and others similar to ourselves) mastering skills and achieving goals that matter in those skill areas. This is the confidence that, if we learn and work hard in a particular area, we’ll succeed; and it’s this type of confidence that leads people to accept difficult challenges, and persist in the face of setbacks.

This overlaps with the idea of self-esteem, which is a more general sense that we can cope with what’s going on in our lives, and that we have a right to be happy. Partly, this comes from a feeling that the people around us approve of us, which we may or may not be able to control. However, it also comes from the sense that we are behaving virtuously, that we’re competent at what we do, and that we can compete successfully when we put our minds to it.

Some people believe that self-confidence can be built with affirmations and positive thinking. At Mind Tools, we believe that there’s some truth in this, but that it’s just as important to build self-confidence by setting and achieving goals – thereby building competence. Without this underlying competence, you don’t have self-confidence: you have shallow over-confidence, with all of the issues, upset and failure that this brings.

Source: http://www.mindtools.com


Believe in yourself

Self-confidence is extremely important in almost every aspect of our lives, yet so many people struggle to find it. Sadly, this can be a vicious circle: People who lack self-confidence can find it difficult to become successful.

After all, most people are reluctant to back a project that’s being pitched by someone who was nervous, fumbling and overly apologetic.

On the other hand, you might be persuaded by someone who speaks clearly, who holds his or her head high, who answers questions assuredly, and who readily admits when he or she does not know something.

Self-confident people inspire confidence in others: their audience, their peers, their bosses, their customers, and their friends. And gaining the confidence of others is one of the key ways in which a self-confident person finds success.

The good news is that self-confidence really can be learned and built on. And, whether you’re working on your own self-confidence or building the confidence of people around you, it’s well-worth the effort!

Source: http://www.mindtools.com

What corporates look for in fresher

For many students, the time leading up to college graduation and the start of a first job is often chaotic and stressful. You would be trying to complete your college life while dealing with the demands of job-hunting, interviewing, and facing the reality of the end of schooling (at least for the foreseeable future). It is important to realise that employers look at attributes beyond just your degree. So the need to understand what attributes employers look for in order to determine whether a candidate is fit to join their organisation is important. For many college students taking the headlong plunge outside the safe, secure world of college results in a rude awakening to some of the cold, cruel realities of the real-world rat race.

Below are the Q&A answered by Amit Bansal, CEO PurpleLeap


Shekhar asked, Hello Mr.Bansal Good Afternoon. sir i persuing my MBA from Mumbai university & into my final sem. I was trying hard to find a job before my end of sem. but all in vain. Also the packages are offered are way much low that i was getting before MBA. pls help on how i should move on and approach co.’s etc. pls advice
Amit Bansal answers, Since you have started early, you will definitely achieve success in finding a good profile for yourself. Please be selective while applying. Get your resume reviewed and most importantly be confident about your own capability. Please review the market scenario as far as the package is concerned. Maybe what they are offering is what the current trend is. If not, go ahead and negotiate however before that you will have to prove your candidature to your potential employer.

santosh2104 asked, I am 32 yrs of age and looking for a career change from sales to clinical research. Could you please suggest if this could be possible? Does companies related to clinical research recruit as freshers?
Amit Bansal answers, It will be an uphill task to make drastic changes in your industry and domain. Have you already taken up a course in clinical research? if you have, the institutions usually offer placement assistance. You can enroll, however you will have to substantiate about this major move to any recruiter.

SVRAMANA asked, ,Mr Bansal, My son is going join in B.E/B.Tech course this year. In your opinion which branch of engineering will be in demand in job point of view after four years and what is the current trend. Kindly Advise. Thanks
Amit Bansal answers, CS and IT is always a stream where there are many jobs available. However it totally depends on your son as to what is he interested in. B.Tech from IIT means he can make the maximum out aquiring skills and the institution he is studying with.

Bon asked, Dear Sir, I am now 42, I have been working without any success. I can not stay in one company for more than 2 years (it is always 2 years or less than two years). What could be the reasons and what should I do?
Amit Bansal answers, Two years is a very short duration in any job. By this time you only get to understand the business and processes and only after that you are able to contribute fully to any organization. I would suggest you introspect as to what reasons have made you move jobs all these years. If it’s a specific pattern you would know your area of improvement. A lot of time we get bored with what we are doing and move however the right way to deal with this is look for other areas where you can contribute.

sabin asked, I am an HR recruiter,we used to see a trend like people changes their first job very quickly.what may be the reason behind this?
Amit Bansal answers, It’s always lack of clarity about what exactly they would like to do. Most freshers move because of better salary packages.

Sekhar asked, Amit, Many companies are not considering previous year freshers (Students who came out of college during recession and couldn’t get in job due to personal constraints like Marriage etc.,). Do you have any suggestion for such candidates?
Amit Bansal answers, That’s true however not all companies follow that trend. If you can convince them about your skills and mention appropriate skills and knowledge on your resume. Please seek help from your seniors to help you prepare a good resume and do take part in all walk-ins. I am sure you will find an opportunity. Good luck.

Nishi asked, It has been three years since i completed my graduation and i want to do an MBA now. but now that my father is retiring, i cannot do it full time. Is it ok if i take a break to study mba. And if that is not possible can you recommend some good courses please
Amit Bansal answers, Most organizations offer executive MBAs. See if your current organization offers that. Otherwise please check for some reputed institutions which offer executive MBAs like Symbiosis pune, Sikkim Manipal. IIMs also offer executive MBA programs.

AbhishekMand asked, hello sir, mand this side. i scored 54 percent in Bcom…i graduated in 2011…i have still not found a job…i have uploaded my CV in all sites..naukri, monster…but have not received a single call yet… i dont know what to update in my CV now…can you please tell me what to do?
Amit Bansal answers, Please have someone review your resume. Have you created a generic resume which you are sending for all profile? or are you creating profile specific resume? Please check for language, grammar and format of your resume. Also, it’s important to highlight skill related information on resume apart from knowledge specific information.

FRESHGUY asked, I am a fresh chemical engineer….what are the chances of job or I should continue to further in MBA?
Amit Bansal answers, You can start with a job right now and maybe after an year of experience do an MBA.

PrasannaShetty asked, Sir, I have just come back from the US after a degree in engineering. What are the things I must keep in mind before applying for a job
Amit Bansal answers, First thing is you need to identify the companies you would like to apply for. Now based on those profiles create a good resume which will highlight your skills and knowledge which are relevant to that profile. After this you must work on preparing for interviews. Anticipate questions that can arise and think of appropriate examples to substantiate your competencies.

Divya asked, Sir, what the five qualities that an MNC looks for are in a young candidate. And more importantly, how can I develop them?
Amit Bansal answers, MNC’s usually look at a candidate’s domain knowledge, communication skills and ability to work with people. These are basic skills any organization is looking at.

nottyn asked, also, i dont have any work experience…pls advise some dos and donts to mention in my CV…
Amit Bansal answers, You must mention project work or any skill related experience on your resume. It’s absolutely okay to not have work experience as a fresher.

prasad asked, Hi sir as a fresher …as an electronics engineer what prior skills I needed …
Amit Bansal answers, Apart from the cut off scores which are a basic requirements of various companies you need to prepare your resume and also work on your skills to appear in interviews. Work on communication skills, over all personality development and also practice some mock interviews.


Chat Date: March 28, 2012

Source: www.rediff.com

Robot jellyfish sucks up power from the water

Robojelly – a robot jellyfish that feeds on water – could aid in underwater search and rescue operations, say its creators.

Researchers at Virginia Tech and the University of Texas at Dallas built Robojelly from materials known as shape-memory alloys, which return to their original shape when bent. Eight moving segments wrapped in carbon nanotubes and coated with a platinum powder replicate the jellyfish’s natural opening-and-closing method of propulsion.

Read More http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/onepercent/2012/03/water-powered-robot-jellyfish.html


Plan your Revision

Before you can even think of revising, you must first go through the list of topics in your , and check that you have either learnt or been taught each topic at least once, so you are semi-familiar with everything on your syllabus. After all, you can’t revise something that you have not learnt in the first place, remember that revising means reviewing what you have already learnt.

You should then think about locating all your notes together along with any books that you will need to look through. You should also gather past papers or questions from the last 2-3 years. This will allow you to see which topics in your syllabus come up frequently, and which come up rarely. You should now be able to identify topic areas in your syllabus that should be revised first. Prioritising your topics in this way will makemuch more clear and concise in your own mind because you will know what you have to do.

Next, you should make a . First decide at what times you work best and plan to work most during those times. For example some students find it easier to start early in the morning, on the other hand some students prefer to start in the afternoon. Whatever you decide, you must consider sleep by starting and finishing revision in away that allows for at least six hours sleep. In addition to considering sleep when making your revision timetable you should also consider your job if you have one, this needs to be thought out carefully otherwise you can become very tired as well as stressed out if you attempt to push yourself too far.

Split each day into small time periods of 40 minutes to 1 hour, with small breaks in between. The length of these periods depends on the individual’s concentration span. If you think your concentration dwindles quickly, then you should look to have short revision sessions with short breaks in between so that overall you will still be doing the same amount as a person who has longer sessions (but can also afford to take longer breaks in between). For those who believe that their concentration does not suffer, make sure you take breaks in between however short. Using your syllabus you should be able to identify topics that are difficult and those which are not so difficult and allocate revision time accordingly.

Source: www.merlinhelpsstudents.com

Career in Networking

The need for seamlessly moving information across the globe for many to use and share through computers and Internet has given birth to computer networking. Networking is changing the world of consumer electronics, biomedicine, industrial automation, super computing and defence. With the advent of Ethernet-enabled sensors and controllers, companies are increasingly looking at hooking their factory floor to their executive offices and beyond. Enterprise management is another widespread application made possible by networking.

  • The Work
    Computer network management is a purely technical function. In a world where connectivity is the key, expertise in networking can take you places. There are several career avenues within networking, some of which are the following:Instead of working in a bank, credit card company or telecom company where you get to interact face-to-face with the custom

    • Network Administration
      Working from the concept upwards, network administration involves configuring and managing LANs (Local Area Networks), WANs (Wide Area Networks) and VPNs (Virtual Private Networks). You will be responsible for analysing, installing and configuring the company’s network even from a remote location. Monitoring network performance, troubleshooting problems and maintaining network security has to be done on a daily basis. With the proliferation of B2C (business to customer) websites, e-commerce, e-governance, VPN (Virtual Private Networks) and other Internet and telecom-based applications like remote servicing and IVR (Interactive Voice Response) the demand for network administrators is expected to peak in the next couple of years.

      Familiarity with the intricacies of the specific systems being used by a company: Windows NT, Novell, Unix, Linux and so forth, thorough knowledge of networked applications, security and virus-protection schemes, system diagnostic utilities and experience with routers, hubs and bridges is also necessary.

    • Network Technicians
      Focus more on the set up, troubleshooting and repair of specific hardware and software products.
    • Service Technicians
      Visit customer sites to perform “field” upgrades and support functions.
    • Network Programmers and Analysts
      Write software programmes or scripts that help evaluate third party products and integrate new software technologies into an existing or new network environment.
    • Network Managers
      Supervise the work of administrators, engineers, technicians and programmers. They also work at long-range planning and strategy. At the entry level you will be focussing on tasks such as troubleshooting, monitoring, LAN performance, adding or deleting users, adding new servers, etc.
    • Network Security
      As more and more organisations move their offline transactions online and vast quantities of vital and sensitive data travels through networks, the need for developing “fool proof” e-security systems to safeguard the networks and databases from rampant cracking has emerged as the number one IT concern globally. And consequently, it is one of the hottest and most sought-after specialities.

      With over 300 new viruses released everyday and rampant hacking (82,000 recorded cases, according to a Carnegie Mellon University study, governments and corporations have beefed-up their IS spend and tightened access to their systems and core applications. They are looking for people who can administer their enterprise network security safely and securely as a strategic priority.

      To excel in this field, you must be as familiar with system programming and administration as with security configuration and firewalls. This also includes knowledge of advanced TCP/IP, security fundamentals, security implementation, router security and attack routes.

  • Employment Opportunities
    The Indian market for computers and peripherals has been growing at a rapid pace. In fact, the networking market is one of the fastest growing segments in the industry. Over three million units were sold in FY 2003-04 and the figure is expected to grow by 40 per cent crossing the 4.2 million mark in 2004-05. Driving this boom are technological innovations and a drop in prices, thanks to the IT agreement under the WTO, which will soon come into effect (translating into a PC penetration of 20 per 1000). Going by the average requirement of one hardware engineer for every 50 machines, the demand for networking professionals is bound to increase.

    Moreover, Internet usage is increasing by the day and correspondingly the need for larger bandwidth for simultaneous transfer of data, voice and visuals (still and streaming video). The spurt in demand, has in turn, spurred the need for next generation data services like broadband access, virtual private networking, Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP) and hi-tech Video Conferencing. With the tremendous growth in telecommunications and networking, people with good knowledge of computer network management on various platforms are in high demand. No doubt then, that there’s a considerable demand gap in the availability of networking professionals globally. Whereas over 1,00,000 networking technicians and engineers are required, there are barely 50,000 of them presently.

Source: http://www.timesjobs.com

Web censorship row: Delhi HC dismisses charges against Microsoft India

In a major relief to the Internet companies locked in web censorship row, the Delhi High Court has rejected charges of hosting offensive content against Microsoft India. The HC accepted Microsoft India’s plea that the company did not provide a material to users to interact with each other or post their views. The court further asked the complainant Vinay Rai to file a fresh complaint if he comes across any credible evidence against the website.

Earlier, Rai had moved the trial court against as many as 21 websites including Microsoft, Facebook, Google and YouTube for allegedly hosting offensive content. Metropolitan Magistrate Sudesh Kumar had issued summons to the companies to face the charges of hosting obscene content punishable under the IPC 292 (sale of obscene books and material) and 293 (sale of obscene objects to young person). The trial court observed that the evidences provided by the complainant contained obscene images and
offensive articles related to religious deities.

Read More http://www.thinkdigit.com/Internet/Web-censorship-row-Delhi-HC-dismisses-charges_9033.html


Seeking ways to make computer passwords unnecessary

Imagine sitting down at your work keyboard, typing in your user name and starting work right away – no password needed.

That’s a vision that the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, part of the Defense Department, wants to turn into a reality. It will distribute research funds to develop software that determines, just by the way you type, that you are indeed the person you say you are.

Darpa’s purpose is to sponsor “revolutionary, high-payoff research” for military use. But technology developed under Darpa’s auspices – the Internet itself being only one among many achievements traceable to its initiatives- eventually tends to find its way into the civilian world.

Passwords like “6tFcVbNh-TfCvBn” meet the Defense Department’s definition of “strong,” says Richard Guidorizzi, a program manager at Darpa. “The problem is, they don’t meet human requirements,” he says. “Humans aren’t built to understand random connections of characters.”

Read More: http://gadgets.ndtv.com/shownews.aspx?id=GADEN20120197114&Sec=NEWS&nid=187494

Source: http://www.ndtv.com


Services & financial sectors to drive Q2 hiring

Indian employer’s recruitment plans for the second quarter of 2012  continue to be most optimistic among all 41 countries with the forecast of a robust hiring activity, particularly in the services and financial sectors.  According to the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey, employers in the wholesale and retail trade sector are forecast to be the strongest recruiters.

Read More http://epaper.financialexpress.com/c/95115